[German]There is a remote execution vulnerability in the Windows Printer Spooler service that primarily threatens Windows Server systems and is already being actively exploited. So far, Microsoft has only confirmed the vulnerability and provided information on how to mitigate the problem by disabling the Windows Printer Spooler service until a security update is available. Now ACROS Security has presented a free 0Patch solution for various Windows Server versions that prevents exploitation of the vulnerability.
The vulnerability CVE-2021-1675
A remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability (CVE-2021-34527) exists in the Windows Print Spooler service in all versions of Windows, from Windows 7 SP1 to Windows 10, as well as in its server counterparts. The remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Print Spooler service improperly performs privileged file operations..
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges. The attacker could then install programs; view, modify, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user privileges. An attack requires an authenticated user to call RpcAddPrinterDriverEx().
Microsoft hats revised its security advisory Windows Print Spooler Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2021-34527. I hadblooged about that within the articles PoC for Windows print spooler vulnerability public, high RCE risk and Windows Print Spooler Vulnerability (CVE-2021-1675, PrintNightmare) Confirmed by MS; CISA Warns.
There is no security update from Microsoft so far that closes the vulnerability, but only some hints in the article Windows Print Spooler Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2021-34527 what can be done to mitigate the attack vector if necessary (disable printer spooler service, adjust ACL settings). However, this may have greater side effects.
The 0Patch solution for PrintNightmare
The team at ACROS Security, which has been providing the 0Patch solution for years, analyzed the vulnerability and quickly developed a micropatch to render the CVE-2021-1675 vulnerability harmless. Mitja Kolsek alerted me to this free solution via Twitter.
The details are described in this blog post from 0patch. The 0patch micropatches are available for free for the following products:
- Windows Server 2019 (updated with June 2021 Updates)
- Windows Server 2016 (updated with June 2021 Updates)
- Windows Server 2012 (updated with June 2021 Updates)
- Windows Server 2008 R2 (updated with January 2020 Updates, no Extended Security Updates)
Notes on how the 0patch agent works, which loads the micropatches into memory at the runtime of an application, can be found in the blog posts (such as here).
Windows 7: Forcing February 2020 Security Updates – Part 1
Windows 7: Securing with the 0patch solution – Part 2
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Patchday: Windows 10-Updates (June 8, 2021)
PoC for Windows print spooler vulnerability public, high RCE risk
Windows Print Spooler Vulnerability (CVE-2021-1675, PrintNightmare) Confirmed by MS; CISA Warns
0Patch Micropatches for PrintNightmare Vulnerability (CVE-2021-34527)
Out-of-Band Update closes Windows PrintNightmare Vulnerability (July 6, 2021)
PrintNightmare out-of-band update also for Windows Server 2012 and 2016 (July 7, 2021)
The Chaos PrintNightmare Emergency Update (July 6/7, 2021)
Windows 10: Microsoft fixes Zebra & Dymo printer issues caused by update (e.g. KB5004945) via KIR
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